Organizational & communication theories - chapter summary if you are looking for a resource that can strengthen your understanding of different organizational and communication theories, you've. Up organizational communication adaptive structuration theory attraction-selection-attrition framework competing values framework contingency theories enactment theory framing in organizations groupthink media richness theory network theory and analysis in organizations sensemaking structurational theory system theory uncertainty reduction theory. Organizational development (od) is a field of research, theory, and practice dedicated to expanding the knowledge and effectiveness of people to accomplish more successful organizational change and performance. In this chapter, we are going to explore classical theories in organizational communication classical theories focus on organizational structure, analyzing aspects such as optimal organizational performance plans, organizational power relationships, and compartmentalizing different organizational units.
Organizational behavior complements organizational theory, which focuses on organizational and intra-organizational topics, and complements human-resource studies, which is more focused on everyday business practices. Critical theory critical theory assumes that conflict is the natural state of an organization employees tend to resist managers, and departments compete for budgets and influence. Of the various organizational theories that have been studied in this realm, the open-systems theory has emerged as perhaps the most widely known, but others have their proponents as well.
Organizational theory and behaviour page 7 after the first world war, the focus of organizational studies shifted to analysis of how human factors and psychology affected organizations, a transformation propelled by the identification of. Summary of organizational theories 7 weaknesses: • this closed-system, rational theory is perhaps too narrowly focused on production and reduces the human component to simply fleshy machines. Communication is another important process in the organization and is a key mechanism for achieving integration and coordination of the activities of specialized units at different levels in the organization.
Organizational theory and design organizational theory and design according to grand canyon university (2013), organizational theory is an attempt to explain the workings of an organization, and the design is the structure, process, and plan which describe all the actions of an organization and how well they fit to meet the organizational goals. (c) structure-line and staff (d) span of control the classical theory has relevant insight into the nature of the organisation the theory concentrates on the structure of formal organisation neglecting the interplay of individual personality, informal or social groups and intra-organisational conflicts. Systems theory views organizational structure as the established pattern of relationships among the parts of the organization (french, kast, and rosenzweig, 1985, p 348) of particular importance are the patterns in relationships and duties. Three decisions about theory the assumption that an organization is an object with an independent existence—that is to say, it has an objective rather than subjective reality—is characteristic of the postpositive an approach to organizational communication which holds that organizations have objective existences. System theory is the transdisciplinary study of the abstract organization of phenomena, independent of their substance, type, or spatial or temporal scale of existence it investigates both the principles common to all complex entities, and the (usually mathematical) models which can be used to describe them.
Organization theory has helped me time and again to analyze complicated situations in the organizations with which i have worked, and to dis- cover or invent effective and creative means for dealing with them. In the 1990s, critical theory influence on the field was felt as organizational communication scholars focused more on communication's possibilities to oppress and liberate organizational members early underlying assumptions [ edit . Organizational theories organizational theory deals with the study of the interaction of an organization with its environment emphasis on organizational theories has over time changed from the stiff and hierarchical structures, widespread during the industrial era to more broader and flexible structures prevalent in the modern, technological era.
Chapter 1 notes download organizational theories classical management theories overall goal was to resolve tensions between organization and individual needs by introducing efficient operating procedures, eliminating arbitrary supervisor behavior, and motivating workers through economic incentives. There are several theories which explain the organization and its structure classical organization theory includes the scientific management approach, weber's bureaucratic approach, and administrative theory.
The wealth of scholarship in these areas in the last 5 years testifies well to the substantial contribution of information processingrelated theories to a new core of organizational communication theory. The evolution of organizational structure and models over the years has spawned theories that reflect the changing organizational norms and stanley deetz's managerialism theory is one such attempt to define how organizational communication and organizational control happens in the companies where classical notions are replaced with an. Organizational communication as a field has grown immensely in scope and depth over the last few decades concomitant with the rise of the corporation and the managerial way of doing business, it has become the norm for management theorists to define how, what and why an organization should be the. Mark ward sr (phd, clemson university) is an assistant professor of communication at the university of houston-victoria in victoria, texas, where he teaches organizational and business communication, public relations, leadership, conflict management, intercultural communication, and communication theory.