Socrates is acknowledged as the father of western philosophy, a great teacher who taught plato, who in his turn taught aristotle, alexander the great's teacher beyond philosophy, socrates was a brave and skilled soldier who once saved the life of athenian general alcibiades socrates' primary. Although socrates left no written records concerning himself, it is possible to reconstruct a fairly accurate account of his life from the writings of his greek contemporaries aristophanes caricatured him in a work called the clouds xenophon in his memorabilia expressed high praise for socrates. Socrates, (born c 470 bce, athens [greece]—died 399 bce, athens), greek philosopher whose way of life, character, and thought exerted a profound influence on ancient and modern philosophy. Socrates took philosophy in a new direction and was a major influence on subsequent greek philosophical schools leonard peikoff explains socrates' famous method of inquiry, his discovery of the importance of conceptual knowledge, and his death at the hands of the athenian democracy.
The only records we have of the life socrates are through the previously mentioned dialogues, and the records and works of xenophon, a noted ancient greek historian xenophon having no philosophical views of his own to develop, and no imagination to lead him astray is an excellent witness. While the phaedo is most famous for its moving portrayal of socrates' death and its arguments for the immortality of the soul, ahrensdorf argues that the dialogue is primarily devoted to presenting socrates' final defense of the philosophic life against the theoretical and political challenge of religion. The life of jesus is largely the same as that of socrates some people say that both are fictional characters (for example, see the carrier reference below) i'm looking at the possibility that jesus was affected by socrates' life to such an extent that he tried to copy him. A student of socrates, a major western civilization influence, and an amazing philosopher, plato was his name and he was one of the most influential persons in history plato was born in greece in 427 bc and grew up in a wealthy and noble family.
Some have called attention to the problem of taking plato's socrates to be his mouthpiece, given socrates' reputation for irony and the dramatic nature of the dialogue form aristotle attributes a different doctrine with respect to forms to plato and socrates (metaphysics 987b1-11) aristotle suggests that socrates' idea of forms can be discovered through investigation of the natural world, unlike plato's forms that exist beyond and outside the ordinary range of human understanding. Socrates was tried for his life in 399 bc, found guilty, and put to death by drinking hemlock (a herbal poison) the story of his trial and death is the subject of a tract by plato which is called the apologia. Following socrates' forced suicide, plato spent 12 years traveling in southern italy, sicily and egypt, studying with other philosophers including followers of the mystic mathematician pythagoras. In his book, why socrates died: dispelling the myths, author robin waterfield offers a comprehensive study of what led to socrates' trial, death sentence and interesting account of athenian history. Plato's account of socrates' defense at his trial for corrupting the youth is a classic summation of his teacher's life and mission, centered in socrates' most famous line, the unexamined life.
Abstract: the ethics of socrates is briefly outlined socrates' life (469-399 bc): several features of socrates' life give insight into his ethics as a young man in battle, he distinguished himself for bravery several times. Life early years xenophon was born around 430 bc, near the city of athens, to gryllus, of the deme erchia of athenshis father's family were a wealthy equestrian family the history of his youth is little attested before 401 bc, when he was convinced by his boeotian friend proxenus (anabasis 319) to participate in the military expedition led by cyrus the younger against his elder brother. The trial and death of socrates by plato the trial of socrates refers to the trial and the subsequent execution of the athenian philosopher socrates in 399 bc socrates was tried and convicted by the courts of democratic athens on a charge of corrupting the youth and disbelieving in the ancestral gods. Socrates is an epochal thinker in a very literal sense, because there are epochs in the history of philosophy that are named in relationship to him before socrates there is philosophy called pre-socratic and after socrates it's called socratic or post-socratic.
The historical socrates, robin waterfield, history today, 59:1, 2008 an independent study guide to reading greek , joint association of classical teachers a useful reference for sorting out what aristophanes means when he uses certain words. Plato's απολογημα (apology) is an account of socrates's (unsuccessful) speech in his own defense before the athenian jury it includes a detailed description of the motives and goals of philosophical activity as he practiced it, together with a passionate declaration of its value for life. Socrates (469—399 bce) socrates is one of the few individuals whom one could say has so-shaped the cultural and intellectual development of the world that, without him, history would be profoundly different. Socrates, the most famous philosopher of all time, had one of the most subtle and complicated minds we have on record his death was a dark moment in athenian and human history, but his thinking and teachings have survived, a beacon of light for almost 2,500 years.
Alcibiades being taught by socrates socrates (469/470-399 bce) was a greek philosopher and is considered the father of western philosophy plato was his most famous student and would teach aristotle who would then tutor alexander the great. Socrates - life and personality: although the sources provide only a small amount of information about the life and personality of socrates, a unique and vivid picture of him shines through, particularly in some of the works of plato. The life of plato co-authored with christopher planeaux plato was born around the year 428 bce into an established athenian household with a rich history of political connections -- including distant relations to both solon and pisistratus. For socrates, life must be examined through constant questioning and one must hold the goodness of life above all else consequently, even in the face of the un-good, or unjust in socrates' case as represented in his trial, it would not be correct to do wrong, return wrong or do harm in return for harm done.
Two of his younger students, the historian xenophon and the philosopher plato, recorded the most significant accounts of socrates' life and philosophy for both, the socrates that appears bears the mark of the writer. Read theodore feder's article solomon, socrates and aristotle as it originally appeared in biblical archaeology review, september/october 2008the article was first republished in bible history daily in october 2012. Traditional history estimates plato's birth was around 428 bce, but more modern scholars, tracing later events in his life, believe he was born between 424 and 423 bce both of his parents.